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Ing. Philip Engmann Successfully Completes His PhD Degree in Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible


Dr. Philip Engmann pictured right

Ing. Philip Engmann, a lecturer and theses co-ordinator of the Regent University College of Science and Technology, last Friday, the 7th of November 2014, graduated from the University of Ghana, Legon, with a PhD degree in the Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible. This course examined in detail, the differences between selected texts of the Massoretic Text (Hebrew Old Testament) and the Septuagint (Greek Old Testament).

Ing. Engmann completed his practical first degree in Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering from the Polytechnic of North London (now University of North London) and begun working at P & T, (the Post & Telecommunications Company of Ghana, which then became Ghana Telecommunications Company Ltd., and finally Vodafone Company of Ghana) until he left to pursue his career in theology at the Regent University College of Science and Technology.

Although a regular church goer all his childhood and adolescent life, his conversion to Christ came when he was the Senior Prefect of the Achimota Secondary School. Subsequently, throughout his engineering career, he had always tried to strengthen his personal relationship with the Lord, primarily through interaction with and study of the word of God. This desire led him to seek his own private lecturers who taught him more detail about the ‘original’ bible as opposed to translated texts. (Some of his former personal tutors include the ex-moderator of the Presbyterian Church, Rev. Dr. Yaw Frimpong-Manso, Rev. Dr. Brandford Yeboah of the University of Ghana, etc). As he continued to pursue his calling, he was spotted by the then Rev. Dr. Kingsley Larbi, the then Principal and initiating director of the Central University College, who ‘out of the blue’, offered him a scholarship to pursue an MPhil Course in Old Testament studies at the same Central University College. This was most unusual because students usually have to apply and compete hard for scholarships. It really was a miracle. Philip seems to be the last of the ‘Larbi Babies’ to qualify—five students among several others who were sponsored by Rev. Dr. Larbi to pursue their postgraduate and other degrees. Other ‘Larbi Babies’ included Rev. Dr. Sampong of Central University College, Rev. Dr. Charles Owiredu of Yeshua Institute of Technology etc. Upon successful completion of his MPhil Degree, he went on to enroll and successfully complete his doctoral thesis.

Philip Engmann has published two books: Textual Criticism of the LXX and the MT: Psalm 8:5-7(Recovering the Urschrift Text of the Hebrew Bible), Saarbrucken: VDM Verlag Dr. Muller GmBH & Co. KG, 2011 and Textual Criticism of the Codex Leningradensis and the Codex Vaticanus, Saarbrucken: VDM Verlag Dr. Muller GmBH & Co. KG, 2013. He has also presened papers at several international conferences as follows: Towards a More Standardized Methodology of Old Testament Textual Criticism, Amsterdam, SBL International Conference, July, 2012; A Survey of Old Testament Text Critical Methodology, South Africa, JCRT (Joint Conference on Religion & Theology), June 2012; Making a Fresh Case for De Lagarde, at least from Double Entendre, University of Birmingham 3rd Postgraduate Biblical Studies Conference, 3rd July 2013. In 2013, he had several of his abstracts accepted, but unfortunately could not deliver the papers due to financial constraints.

His potential papers included: Textual Analysis of the Closing Verse of the Last Song of Moses, Scotland, SBL International Conference, 7-11th July, 2013; The Supremacy of the LXX Text in the Doxology of Ha’azinu; IOSCS (International Organization of Septuagint and Cognate Studies, July 2013); Hebrew Bible Textual Criticism before and after the Qumran Discoveries, IOQS (International Organization of Qumran Studies, July 2013); The Scarlet Pimpernel: Discovering Some Elusive Urschrift Texts, EABS (European Association of Biblical Studies, July 2013); Is a scribe or translator more likely to corrupt a text than to add to it? SASNES 2013 (South African Society of Near Eastern Studies). It might be worth mentioning that he wona scholarship to assist attendance at Scotland SBL Conference 2013. He has various journal articles which have been submitted and some accepted for publication including: Towards a More Standardized Methodology of Old Testament Textual Criticism, submitted to: Journal of Hebrew Scriptures; Analysis of LXX/MT Variae Lectiones in Habakkuk 2:3, submitted to: Trinity Journal Of Church And Theology; Analysis of LXX/MT Variae Lectiones in Habakkuk 2:4, submitted to: Trinity Journal Of Church And Theology; Deuteronomy 32:43: LXX, MT, DSS or Neither? submitted to: Journal of the Centre for Mother tongue Biblical Hermeneutics.

He is a member of several Theological Societies including: SBL (Society of Biblical Literature); International Academic Text-Critical Online Association; International Evangelical Text-Critical Online Association; IOSOT (International Organization for the Study of the Old Testament); IOMT  (International Organization for the Study of the Masoretic Text); IOQS (International Organization for Qumran Studies); IOSCS  (International Organization for the Septuagint and Cognate Studies); OTTSA (Old Testament Society of South Africa); SASNES (South African Society of Near Eastern Studies); International Online Academic Hebrew Association; International Academic Online Septuagint Association; International Koine Greek Online Association. Additionally, he has attended the following Conferences including: CBL (Colloquium Biblicum Lovianse), 26th –28th July, 2012; Faculty of Arts Colloquium, University of Ghana, April 2012; JCRT South Africa, June, 2012.