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SOGE 1573: Studies in African Development


The course creates the awareness of the causes and consequences of Africa’s under-development.  It presents a workable agenda and strategies that can help Africans take control of their own destiny, and recalibrate the image of Africa within the global sphere.

Topics treated include: an excurses of the African condition and challenges; the role of humanity in God’s agenda for creation; the origins of humankind, the divine mandate to humanity, and the development of human societies according to the biblical account; the place of Africa in God’s agenda for creation; Africa’s contributions to world civilization; some prominent Africans in the Diaspora; the causes and consequences of the brain drain in contemporary Africa and its effect on the development of the African continent; outsiders perception of Africa and how Africa can recalibrate her image; the role of leadership and partisan politics in Africa’s development; the role of religion in Africa’s development; the success and failures of various agencies and intervention packages created to rescue Africa from her socio-economic malaise. The exploitation and management of Africa’s natural resources; the role of culture, the individual, and human community and leadership in human development; the educational institutions in national development; key factors for nation building and personal development and successful living.



  • After the successful completion of this course, participants will have knowledge and understanding from Biblical, Theological, and Socio-Political Perspective the issues of:
  • Why have some societies have done better than others economically?
  • What factors account for such gross disparities that we see in the world? 
  • What is the role of leadership, education, and culture in the development of nations and communities?
  • What should African leaders and people of African descent do to ensure Africa’s economic emancipation?



The course, which will be thought in two semesters, is structured into two main parts, namely, (1) The Theological & Socio-Economic Foundations (2) The Historical and Economic Analysis.

The first part (theological and socio-economic foundations), examines the biblical perspectives on the creation of humankind, God’s original mandate to humankind, and common ancestry of humanity (Genesis 1:26-28; Psalm 139: 13-18; Acts 17:26; Psalm 8:), and the effects on the Fall on human societies and cultures.  It also examines Africa’s cultural and leadership challenges; the sources of Africa’s struggles, the key factors for Africa’s emancipation.  It will handle aspects of the key factors towards the African renaissance.

The historical and political will dwell on the History of Africa and the various forces that have shaped Africa today. It will cover the examination of the changes in indigenous African political, economic and social systems. It will also examine issues that led to the colonization of Africa. Students would attain a good grasp of the key issues, and look at ways in which political, economic, and socio-cultural institutions, as well as geography, have interacted to shape dramatically different development outcomes across various regions of Africa through time.  It will also suggest some practical steps towards the much anticipated African Renaissance.



  • Paul, K. (2002). Study Smarter not Harder. Bellingham (USA): Self-Counsel Press Ltd /EPP Books Services.
  • Larbi, E.K. (2001). God and the Poor. Accra: CPCS.
  • Mahajan, V.  (2009).  Africa Rising. New Jersey: Wharton School Publishing.
  • Kuan, Y. L. (2000).  From Third World to First. The Singapore Story: 1965-2000. New York: Harper Collins.


PREREQUISITES: NONE                                              



Class Attendance: 10%, Book Summaries: 30%, End of Semester Examinations: 60%